Testing the water
According to the UZ report, a range of elements found in the water could prove a serious hazard to people’s health. The heavy concentrations of chromium and nickel – both constituents of a chemical compound used in diamond extraction – “are potentially carcinogenic agents” warns the study. Levels of iron – another element used in diamond extraction – exceed World Health Organisation standards and “suggest that the local population could be at risk of iron poisoning”. High levels of fluoride could lead to dental and skeletal flourosis, and high bacterial contamination poses “an immediate risk of outbreaks of waterborne diseases such as diarrhoea, cholera and typhoid”, reads the report.