• About half of Sub-Saharan Africa’s population lacks access to a supply of safe drinking water.
• This situation significantly increases the risk of waterborne diseases such as cholera, dysentery and typhoid fever.
• Most of the water diverted for human use in Africa is used for irrigated agriculture.
• One of the biggest water problems in Africa is its unequal distribution; 30 percent of Africa’s water drains in the Congo Basin where only 10 percent of Africa’s population lives. The continent’s vast deserts and savanna regions are notably dry.
• Uneven distribution of water is exacerbated by high population growth rates, extreme variability of rainfall, climate change and environmental degradation.
• The main challenges for the water sector in Africa include the following:
2. Supporting secure food supply, protecting ecosystems and managing risks;
3. Promoting water governance through sharing water resources; and
4. Ensuring a knowledge base and valuing and allocating water.