Since 1990, 1.8 billion people have had access to improved sanitation facilities. But 2.5 billion people still lack sanitation. 1.1 billion human beings, or 15% of the world’s population practice open defecation. China and Indiaaccount for nearly half of global progress in sanitation. Sub – Saharan Africa represents more than 40% of the world’s population that lacks the access to supplying resources of improved drinking water (which protects up to a satisfactory level the water from outside contamination, especially from faeces). This is one of the main tools for the fight against diseases, especially cholera. For Thierry Vandevelde, from Veolia Foundation, an improvedcoordination of projects in the countries affected by cholera, and the joint development of strategic plans could help eradicate this horrible disease, with Africa having 80% of the cases.
Margaret Montgomery, expert in water sanitation, hygiene and health at the WHO, offered details on the functioning of health centers in Kenya. “We provide them with money to buy the required material for promoting hygiene measures among the patients of the center”, she mentioned. “Behavioral changes in hygiene should be promoted starting from the base.”
6th World Water Forum