Monday, December 26, 2011

Overuse of Underground Water a Looming Threat

The overuse of ground water resources in various parts of the State especially in Shillong city is posing a huge threat to the availability of fresh water in this part of the country.

Many rich individuals on their own are drilling deep tubes in their residential premises without bothering to take necessary permission from the concerned Government departments.

Drilling of deep tube wells by private individuals in their own premises is prevalent in almost all the localities of the city.

In fact, the unplanned and non-scientific development of ground water resources, mostly driven by individual initiatives has led to an increasing stress on the available water resources.

The adverse impacts can be observed in the form of long-term decline of ground water levels and increased energy consumption for lifting water from progressively deeper levels.

It is also believed that the various drinking water project of the PHE where water are being pumped by drilling a deep tube well is also contributing towards decline in availability of the underground water.

A senior Government official informed that a central team from Hyderabad are presently carrying out a survey in Shillong to decide whether to identify the city as ‘notify area’ to disallow the drilling of deep tube well as part to protect the underground water resources.

“After this survey, the central team would be submitting a report to the Union Government. If Shillong is identified as a ‘notify area’ then we would disallow drilling of deep tube wells,” the official said.

He said that a committee would be formed after Shillong has been declared as a ‘notify area’ where the scientist of the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) and officials of the PHE and Meghalaya State Pollution Control Board (MSPCB) would be inducted as members.
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